European Championships 2005, Tallinn

International Matches Preliminaries


1. His existence cannot be verified by historical means but mythology surrounding him places him in the 7th century BC. In Japan, he is celebrated every year on 11 February in the ‘National Foundation Day’. Which Japanese Emperor was the mythical founder of Japan and is regarded as a direct descendant of the Shinto deity Amaterasu?


2. A small and impoverished Slovak town called Medzilaborce is hoping to attract new life and many tourists into the city by changing its name into ... City, after a world famous person. The city already hosts the world’s second largest museum dedicated to his life and work. Although the person never visited this town and was himself born in Pittsburgh, his parents were from this town. Who?


3. This pop group was one of the first to combine pop music with classical elements. Their first album 'The thoughts of Emmerlist Davjack' contained the singles 'Dawn' and 'Rondo'. Their most famous number of this group of keyboard-magician Keith Emerson was probably their version of Leonard Bernstein's 'America' from 'West Side Story'. The band would traditionally burn an American flag while they played this song. Which band?


4. Who? He won a Olympic gold medal in 1964 in Tokyo and repeated that achievement in 2000 as an assistant coach. In 2004 as the head coach, he failed.



5. Several species of laurel long have been known to be poisonous to domestic animals. … angustifolia (mountain laurel) is known colloquially as sheepkill, lambkill, or calfkill, and one common name of … latifolia is poison laurel. Sheep and cattle may become ill and die from eating foliage of these plants, but deer do not seem to be affected. What plants?

6. In the 1880s Henry Morton Stanley set off to rescue the governor of Equatoria who was cut off from the outside world by the Mahdist uprising of 1885. Although his position was not desperate, he finally agreed in 1889 to accompany Stanley to Mombasa. He was later murdered while engaged in exploration for Germany in the region of Lake Tanganyika. Who was this German explorer with the real name Eduard Schnitzer?


7. Frenchman Jean-Claude Trichet succeeded the late Vim Duisenberg in 2003 as head of which European institution?


8. This Italian painter (1593–1652/53) studied first in Rome with her father. In 1612 she moved to Florence, where thanks to the favour of the Medicis she became the first female artist to study in Academy of Design. In 1630 she moved to Naples and lived there until her death. Her works were mainly biblical scenes, strongly influenced by Caravaggio. They deal with the fight of women for their rights and their sufferings in the paternalistic society. You can see her self-portrait. Who?



9. Popular among young revellers in Spain it is a mixture of alcoholic and ‘soft’ drinks.  Calimocho’ is a cocktail comprising one part red wine and one part … what?


10. In Helsinki at the 10th IAAF World Championships in Athletics, 25-year-old Rashid Ramzi of Bahrain completed the first global men’s 800m and 1500m double for over 40 years. Who was the last runner to achieve this on a major event (Olympics to be more precise)?


11. What is the name of this ancient fortress on the west coast of the Dead Sea, now in ruins? It was built in the 2nd century BC. During the Roman siege (66-73 AD) it was the last fortress of the Jewish defenders, finally besieged by Romans after three years. The last defending Jews killed themselves, not be taken as prisoners. In 20th century it became a symbol of Jewish national heroism.



12. This company got its present name in 1929 after the merger of British and Dutch firms. It mainly produces foods and household chemical products, but also plastics, and cosmetics etc.. Its best known brands are Lipton, Pepsodent, Rexona, Lux, Omo, Surf, Knorr, Signal, Cif, Calvin Klein etc.. Which corporation?


13. This was the last work of Moliere and to the joy of his many enemies he collapsed on the stage while acting in the play and died on February 17th 1673. What is the name of the play?


14. Who? He was born in 1810 near Warsaw as the illegitimate son of Napoleon Bonaparte and wore the last name of his mother and her husband. At age 14 he refused to enter the Russian army, escaping to London and then to Paris. In 1830-31 he took part in the Polish rebellion against Russia, after the fall of Warsaw he entered the French army, seeing some service in Algeria. In 1837 he came back to Paris and started writing for the stage and for the press. In 1840s he represented France in Egypt and Argentina, but his career was granted after his (unofficial) nephew Louis-Napoléon came to power. He was sent as envoy extraordinary to Florence, to Naples, and then to London, where he announced the coup d'état to Lord Palmerston. In 1855 he became minister of foreign affairs. Largely thanks to him France and Britain created an alliance against Russia. Later he was minister of state, a senator and president of the chamber. He had been created a duke in 1866, was a member of the Academy of Fine Arts, and was awarded a grand cross of the Legion of Honour. He died in Strassbourg in 1868 and is buried in Paris on the Père Lachaise cemetary.


15. Which flag?


16. Which French Jesuit missionary went to North America in 1666, teamed up with Louis Jolliet in 1673 to search for the Mississippi river from the north, followed the river to Arkansas, then returned and founded a mission among the Illinois indians on the banks of Lake Michigan that would later grow in the modern-day city of Chicago? His name is commemorated in several towns and rivers and in one of the major universities of Milwaukee.


17. Translated from Japanese this means ‘universal energy of life’ and according to it this energy can be found everywhere – both in the live and lifeless worlds. This way of thinking sees the human as a whole, meaning that the physical, emotional and spiritual states are inseparable. All organs of human body are fed by the flow of life energy and if this flow is a disrupted, there will be malfunction of this organ, known to us as a disease. Most disturbing to the flow are negative emotions and thoughts therefore to achieve good health positive thinking and optimism are needed. What is the name of this treatment technique?


18. This cataract on the Potaro river in Guyana are 226 meter high (741 ft) and 100 meter wide at the top. What is their name, they share it with the national park around the waterfall?



19. Ryuichi Sakamoto, who won the BAFTA award for best score, also plays the part of Captain Yonoi, who runs the camp in accordance with a firm belief in discipline, honour and glory. Which film by Nagisa Oshima, made in 1983, tells the story of a British soldier, who comes in 1942 to a Japanese prison camp?


20. The European Union is building an alternative system to the US military-controlled Global Positioning System (GPS) which allows greater precision in satellite positioning. The system is intended primarily for civilian use, unlike the US system, which is run by and primarily for the US military. The planned number of satellites will be 30, the system should be running in a few years. What is the name of this system?



21. You’ll see the only actor to win two Academy Awards for the same role; for his sensitive portrayal of World War II veteran Homer Parrish in The Best Years of Our Lives (1946; directed by William Wyler), who, like our subject, had lost both hands in military service and had them replaced with hooks. He received both the best supporting actor Oscar and a special award for “bringing aid and comfort to disabled veterans through the medium of motion pictures.” Who?



22. This heavily armed destroyer, now a museum ship, has a name which means ‘Lightning’.  In 1939 it made contact with and engaged a submarine in what was probably the first naval action of WWII.  Awarded the Virtuti Militari, it is the only ship ever to receive a nation’s highest bravery award.  It served in which country’s navy?


23. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Professor Kikunae Ikeda of Tokyo Imperial University was thinking about the taste of food: "There is a taste which is common to asparagus, tomatoes, cheese and meat but which is not one of the four well-known tastes of sweet, sour, bitter and salty." It was in 1907 that Professor Ikeda started his experiments to identify what the source of this distinctive taste was. He succeeded in extracting crystals of an amino acid called glutamic acid (or glutamate), which had a distinctive taste. What did he name this fifth taste?


24.Which animal?



25. It is also known as the place of the decisive military engagement of the war in Italy between Francis I of France and the Habsburg emperor Charles V, in which the French army of 28,000 was virtually annihilated and Francis himself, commanding the French army, was taken prisoner; moving upstream from the Adriatic, which is the last navigable city on the River Po for pleasure craft and other small vessels?


26. Paraolympic Summer Games are held since 1960 and Winter Games since 1976. Respectably since 1988 and 1992 they are held in the same city as ordinary Olympics. Earlier games took always place in a country that has organised Olympic Games previously or did that the same year. But the Paraolympic Summer Games of 1968 took place in a city, whose country has never organised Olympic Games. Name that city, the largest of its country! 


27. In the best known works of American author Joel Chandler Harris (1848-1908) a wise, genial old black man, tells stories about Brer Rabbit, Brer Fox, and other animals to the little son of a plantation owner and interweaves his philosophy of the world about him. What the name of the humorous story-teller?


28. This company was the first motorcycle manufacturer in the world, starting just a few weeks earlier than Harley Davidson. It was founded in 1689 in order of the king as an armory. 1872 they started producing sewing machines, in the end of the 19th century bicycles, 1903 motorcycles. One of its two main productions today are lawn mowers, the other product group has helped to win 67 World Championship titles. Which company? 


29. At the top of the universal order of Egyptian religious hierarchy stood a goddess, a daughter of Ra who was often represented as a pair of twins and had an ostrich feather as a symbol. Who was this personification of truth, justice, and the cosmic order and whose name was also used as an abstract term representing the Truth and divine order established at creation?


30. The discovery of a gene involved in breast development may help in the fight against cancer. It leads to one in 18 people being born with a third nipple. The gene has been named after which James Bond villain?



31. Which castle on the river Loire inspired Charles Perrault when writing the fairy tale of the Sleeping Beauty? Nowadays, you can find there life size dolls in settings showing scenes from Sleeping Beauty and other fairy tails.



32. How are the Jews descended from the Jewish communities of Germany, Poland, Austria, and Eastern Europe commonly called? Although in the 11th century they comprised only 3% of the world's Jewish population, today these Jews account for approximately 80% of world Jews. Their population has, like many other endogamous populations, a higher incidence of specific hereditary diseases, which makes them a beloved research subject of geneticians. According to many studies, they have one of the most highest average IQ score of any ethnic group.


33. This is the travel document of people, living in which region?



34. This American R&B singer was born in 1981 in Manhattan. She wrote her first composition 'Butterflyz' at the age of 14. In 2001 she became internationally known by her debut album 'Songs in a minor'. Singles included 'A Woman's Worth' and 'Fallin'. Songs 'Diary', 'If I Ain't Got You' and 'You Don't Know My Name' appeared on the 2nd album released in 2003. What is her name?


35. What is the name of the current president of IAAF?


36. Who, born in 1954? He is the auther of 11 very popular detective thrillers with autobiographical traits. But he is even more infamous as a former terrorist, although he has always denied the suspicions of committing four political murders. In 1979 he was arrested and sentenced for life, but he managed to escape four years later. He has been hiding in Central America and since 1991, France, where he is believed to be still hiding. His country has constantly tried to get France to evict him but unsuccessfully.


37. Dmitri Mendeleyev predicted the properties of this element and named it ekacesium. Later attempts to give it a name include russium, moldavium and virginium. But it was discovered and named by Marguerite Perey in 1939. According to calculations there are only 24,5 grams of this element in Earth’s crust. This is the most alcalic of all elements, most active of the metals, but also least used and researched. Which chemical element?


38. This 4 time Olympic Champion is the Ambassador of Good Will for UNICEF, member of executive board of World Anti-Doping Agency and president of the charity organisation Olympic Aid. He was a member of IOC in 1999-2002. Who?



39. The name crater was derived from a large Greek vessel that was used in antiquity to mix which two substances?


40. A prolific and versatile composer, his music ranged from operas to film scores.  Which 20th century Czech composer’s works include the symphonic poem ‘Memorial to Lidice’ and ‘Half Time’ a work dedicated to Sparta Prague ?


41. Where in Andalusia in 1808 was the myth of Napoleonic invincibility broken when General Dupont’s command ingloriously surrendered to local Spanish forces?


42. Who is the artist on this autoportrait? Being a Jew, he was executed in Auschwitz concentration camp in 1944. Most of his works also depict Jews.



43. Who uttered these famous last words in a very famous movie:

"Dave, stop. Stop will you? Stop, Dave. Will you stop, Dave? Stop, Dave. I'm afraid. I'm afraid, Dave. Dave, my mind is going. I can feel it. I can feel it. My mind is going. There is no question about it. I can feel it. I can feel it. I can feel it. I'm a-fraid. . . . (…) Dai-sy, Dai-sy, give me your answer true. I'm half cra-zy o-ver the love of you. It won't be a sty-lish mar-riage. I can't afford a car-riage---"


44. This Austrian psychologist (1897-1957) tried to combine the ideas of Marx and Freud (freudomarxism) and coined the term ‘sexual revolution’. 1933 he published a book called Mass Psychology of Fascism and left Germany. His sexual and radical left-wing political ideas led to a break with the psychoanalytic movement after which he devoted himself orgonomy, a study of cosmic energy. He moved to USA in 1939, but went into conflict with the US authorities in early 1950s trying to commercialize orgonomy. He was covicted of contempt of court and died in prison. Who?


45. A small-world principle proved by maverick psychologist Stanley Milgram, everyone in the world is supposedly linked through no more than how many “degrees of separation”?


46. According to tradition, princess Libuše of Bohemia married a farmer in the beginning of the 9th century. This marked the beginning of the first Czech dynasty which would rule for 4 centuries and was named after that farmer. What was the name of that dynasty?


47. This Argentine singer and actor achieved huge popularity as an interpreter of the melancholy ballads of the tango. When he died in a plane crash while on tour in 1935, his funeral funeral procession in Buenos Aires were witnessed by tens of thousands of Argentines. Who?



48. These Asian birds of the family Sturnidae are much better in imitating human speech than parrots. Native to the Indian subcontinent, thay have been introduced into Australia, New Zealand, and Hawaii. The best imitator is hill ... (Gracula religiosa), about 25 cm long, glossy black, with white wing patches, yellow wattles, and orangish bill and legs. Name these birds!


49. The people of which European country call their land Shqipëria?


50. A former member of the Czechoslovakian skiing team and a minor film star in Pan-Tau movies, who has recently drawn attention to herself with real estate business in Las Vegas?


European Championships 2005, Tallinn

International Matches Preliminaries

Questions by Chris Jones, Steven de Ceuster, Arko Olesk and Leino Pahtma



1. Jimmu (Tenno)

2. Andy Warhol

3. The Nice

4. Larry (Lawrence) Brown

5. Kalmia (NED – lepelboom, lepelstruik, FIN – kalmiat, NOR – (saue)kalmia)

6. Emin Pasha

7. European Central Bank

8. Artemisia Gentileschi

9. (Coca-)Cola

10. Peter Snell (1964 Tokyo)

11. Masada

12. Unilever (created by the merger of Lever Brothers Ltd. and Margarine Unie)

13. Le Malade imaginaire (ENG - The Imaginary Invalid; EST – Ebahaige, FIN – Luulosairas, NOR - Den innbilt syke)

14. Alexandre Colonna Walẹwski

15. CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States), EST – SRÜ, FIN – IVY, NOR – SUS, NED – GOS

16. Jacques Marquette

17. Reiki

18. Kaieteur Falls

19. Merry Christmas Mr Lawrence

20. Galileo

21. Harold Russell

22. Poland (ORP ‘Blyskawica’)

23. Umami

24. Suricate (Meerkat, EST – surikaat, FIN – Nelisormimangusti, NOR - surikat el. jordhund)

25. Pavia

26. Tel Aviv

27. Uncle Remus

28. Husqvarna (WC titles in lodging)

29. Ma’at

30. Scaramanga (‘The Man With The Golden Gun’)

31. Château d’Ussé

32. Ashkenazi (Jews)

33. Kosovo

34. Alicia Keys

35. Lamine Diack of Senegal

36. Cesare Battisti, Italian writer and terrorist

37. Francium

38. Johann Olav Koss

39. Water and wine

40. Bohuslav Martinu

41. Bailen

42. Felix Nussbaum

43. the computer HAL-9000 (in 2001, A Space Odyssey)

44. Wilhelm Reich

45. 6

46. House of Přemysl / Přemyslid Dynasty

47. Carlos Gardel

48. Mynah (EST, FIN - maina, BEL, NED – beo, NOR - beostær)

49. Albania

50. Ivana Trump