EQC 2006 Paris-Lesigny

Estonian-style quiz

Best-of questions from the last Estonian quizzing season

 

1. The anger of the people exploded 15 years after the death of their national leader. He was exhumed from his fancy mausoleum and ritually beaten to death. This did not happen in the Middle Age but in 1986. Where?

 

2. In the Athletics World Championships 2005 in Helsinki on one event both the world and the European record was renewed. This was done by two different athletes. Which discipline was this?

 

3. On 14 September 1898 a manager of a Wisconsin hotel put two businessmen in the same room, because the hotel was overbooked. The men discovered that they had something in common. The result of this meeting we can still see in many hotel rooms around the world. What is that?

 

4. Many libraries of the world use Dewey system to categorize books. Of the 10 general subjects, the Dewey number 200 refers to religion, 300 to social sciences, 700 to arts, 800 to fiction etc. One author is represented in nine categories out of this ten; he only missed out on philosophy. Who?

 

5. This writer was born in Australia in 1899 as Helen Goff, but moved to London as a young girl. She worked as a journalist and wrote poetry; she was heavily influenced by Armenian mystic G.I. Gurdjieff and edited a new age magazine Parabola. We know her best by a 1934 book (which she wrote under a pen name) that features the four children of the Banks family. Which book?

 

6. Alfred, Robert and Ludwig Nobel founded in 1879 the Nobel Brothers Company in one present day capital city. It soon became one of the biggest oil companies of its time. While Alfred was the main stock-holder, his brothers did most of the work. In which country was the company founded?

 

7. About 300 ahu have been found there, about a third of those have a moai on it, some moais also have pukaos. Where can you see those things?

 

8. It boundaries are the Golf Stream in the west, North-Atlantic Current in the north, Canary Current in the east and North Equatorial Current in the south. What is it?

 

9. This Hollywood legend worked in his youth in New Guinea as a plantation supervisor and gold-digger, looking for perfect breasts among the indigenous population in the meantime. In Hollywood he mostly played romantic heroes. It was not until the end of his career when he got to play more demanding roles, especially alcoholics, as in “The Sun Also Rises” and “Too Much, Too Soon”. Who?

 

10. The Dutch scholar Hugo Grotius and French philosopher Rene Descartes have something in common – they both died in pneumonia, shortly after visiting the same monarch. Also called “Minerva of the North” who was this queen?

 

11. This “place” got its name from Dr Ernst Gräfenberg (1881-1957). The name got widely used in the 1980s and many magazines frequently seek this place. There is a lot of discussion about the existence and whereabouts, but there is no common scientific position. What are we talking about?

 

12. The story of the Garden of Eden may have been inspired by the island Dilmun. 5000 years ago it was one of the wealthiest economic centers in the world. Sumerians called the island “The Land of Living” and made it the scene of their creation myth; the Epic Gilgamesh also features the island. By what name do we know the island today?

 

13. Hedvig Antoinette Isabella Eleonore Jensen (1867-1889) was a Danish circus artist. While touring in Sweden she met cavalry officer Bengt Edvard Sixten Sparre, and they fell in love. But Sparre was married and a father of two children, so they escaped to Denmark. When they ran out of money, they decided not to carry on like this – Sparre shot her girlfriend, than himself. She was 21, he was 35. Their grave is often visited by tourists and couples in love. Three movies have been made of this tragic story, the most famous one by Bo Widerberg in 1967. It used parts of Mozart’s piano concerto No 21, which is thereby known by the name of the girl. Which name?

 

14. This “wannabe-country” is functioning thanks to the Sherif factory, so the place is sometimes also called the Sherif Republic. The factory officially produces various steel products, but in reality makes weapons and sells them all around the world, many to Chechnya for example. The factory was founded by to policemen, hence the name. One of the shareholders now is the son of the president of this “republic”, and he also owns the local football team of the same name. What place?

 

15. Luxembourgians call him the greatest athlete of recent times. Four times World Champion and an Olympic medalist gained Luxembourg a lot of fame. Ironically, he originally competed for Austria and switched countries only after a coaching dispute. Who?

 

16. In 1977 Josez Korbel, the father of former US State Secretary Madeleine Albright died. He was the dean of International relations department in the University of Denver. Among all the flowers in the funeral, there was a vase shaped like a piano with philodendrons in it. When Madeleine asked her mother, who sent it, she said it’s from her father’s favorite student. Who was this student?

 

17. The patron saint of Europe founded the legendary monastery of Monte Cassino. His feast day is July 11. Who?

 

18. When this French writer was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, he donated the money to help starving people in Russia. Before he had founded a society for friends of Russian nation and was inspired by the 1917 Russian revolution. Who was this Russian-friendly writer?

 

19. In 1859-60 Albert Niemann and Wilhelm Lossen extracted which substance with the formula C17H21NO4? Still widely used, its first use as a medication was in eye surgery.

 

20. In 621 BC a code of laws was introduced in Athens, which constrained the aristocrats, abolished the right of vendetta and introduced strict punishments for violating private property. These laws have been described as written with blood, because almost all crimes were punished by death penalty. Who was the lawgiver?

 

21. Paris – Charles de Gaulle, Berlin – Otto Lilienthal, Venice – Marco Polo, New Orleans – Louis Armstrong, Munich – Franc Joseph Strauss, Istanbul – Atatürk, Gdansk - ?

 

22. Uranium is widely used as nuclear fuel. Which element is the final product when radioactive uranium isotopes 238, 235 and 234 decay?

 

23. Only one US president has published a novel. The novel, called “The Hornet’s Nest” tells us a story of Ethan Pratt, who moves with his wife in the company of Quakers from Philadelphia to North-Carolina in 1766 and then to Georgia in 1771. Who wrote the book?

 

24. In 135 AD Hadrian rebuilt this city, named it Aelia Capitolina and forbid the previous inhabitants to return to the city. Which city?

 

25. This film director (born in 1954) is considered one of the most creative and successful of European filmmakers. His “Do You Remember Dolly Bell” was named as a best debut in Venice 1981. He has twice won the Palme d’Or and also the best director award in Cannes, Silver Bear in Berlin and Silver Lion in Venice. Besides that he plays the guitar in a gypsies-style techno-rock band “No Smoking Orchestra”. The music of this band can be often heard in his movies. Who is this director?

 

26. Fullerene, that was discovered only 21 years ago, is a form of a chemical element that was known already in ancient times. Some forms of this chemical element are very well known, others are extremely rare. One isotope is radioactive, with a half-time of 5570 years. Which element?

 

27. While Rome and Carthage were fierce opponents, they were once allied against a common enemy. The enemy was a famous king and warrior who felt uneasy about the fame of Alexander the Great and tried to create a similar empire in the west part of the Mediterranean. Who (319-272 BC)?

 

28. This physicist, the professor in Zurich and Brussels technical universities developed a new cabin design for balloons in 1932 and in the same year ascended to 16,916 m. He completed a bathyscaphe in 1948 and later made several dives with his son Jacques. On Jan. 23, 1960, Jacques and Lieutenant Don Walsh of the U.S. Navy set a new submarine depth record by descending 35,800 feet (10,912 m) into the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean using the bathyscaphe Trieste. What was the name of these father and son?

 

29. She was the trendsetter in women’s tennis. In 1919 she played in Wimbledon in a shirt without sleeves and in a skirt that barely covered her knees. At that time it was pretty daring. She also liked to zip some brandy during the game. Despite of all the glamorous life she managed to win several times in Wimbledon and Paris, also winning two Olympic gold medals. Who?

 

30. This Jewish-Hungarian nuclear physicist went to study in Munich but in his first days there he fell under a moving streetcar and lost his right foot. He lived in US since 1935 and inspired by the words of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who had called for scientists to act to defend the United States against Nazism, he resolved to devote his energies to developing nuclear weapons. Who?

 

31. There were only six female athletes in 1904 St Louis Olympics, all competing in the same sports. Which?

 

32. When this reigning European monarch was 18, he was once playing with a gun given to him as a present and by accident killed his younger brother. Which monarch has such tragic event in his life?

 

33. This was the first Western magazine that was officially allowed to be sold in Soviet Union in 1987. The magazine itself was founded in 1947; the founder ran it herself until 1994. She died last year, aged 96. Now the company publishes 241 magazines and papers in 27 countries. The last name of the founder is also the name of the magazine. What is that?

 

34. His barber could not keep the secret to himself and whispered it into a hole in the ground. He filled in the hole, but reeds grew from the spot and broadcast the sibilant secret when the wind blew through them. Whose secret was that?

 

35. They were first set up in Paris in 1903. Then there were nine types, all black and white. Now there are more than 150 types of them, and much more colourful, having also red, yellow, blue, brown and green on them. What are they?

 

36. Francis Ford CoppolasApocalypse Now” was based the 1902 novel ”Heart of Darkness” by which writer?

 

37. After the 2006 Tour de France winner Floyd Landis was disqualified for using doping, who was declared the tour winner?

 

38. This club was founded in 1899 by Swiss Johan Gamper, a few other Swiss, English and local people. Among other sports the club has its team in handball, basketball, rugby, ice hockey, volley ball, baseball, cycling and figure skating. In the main sports it is the 18 time champion of its country. Which famous club?

 

39. The most famous work of this writer was published in his birth country only this year, 22 years after it was first published. After emigrating in 1975, he has lived in France and now also writes books in French. Who?

 

40. This striker (born in 1970) is believed to be the only active footballer to have played in all the five major leagues on Europe – English, Italian, Spanish, German and French. From his country of birth he went to Italy in 1990 and played in Bari, Verona, Brescia and AC Milan. In 1994-97 he played in RCD Espanyol, except for a short time in West Ham. Then came VFB Stuttgard, Brescia again and Monaco. In the national team he has scored 21 goals in 40 matches. He is probably best remembered for scoring four goals in 1994 World Cup. Who?

41. Name the only independent country whose flag has nothing but St Andreas’ cross on it (except for different colours of course)!

 

42. The Bolivian president Evo Morales comes from which Native American tribe? The majority of the nation of two million people lives in Bolivia, but they are also in Peru and Chili. Their traditions include chewing on coca leaves for medical and ritual purposes which is why they have had many conflicts with the authorities.

 

43. From which country did the US by its Virgin Islands for 25 million dollars in 1916?

 

44. The record-breaking Formula-1 driver Michael Schumacher did not achieve the record for most races. Who has been the most experienced F-1 driver with 256 stages?

 

45. The New York Times has only once published an obituary to a fiction character. This happened in 1975. Who died?

 

46. This French marshal was the commander of Allied forces during the closing months of World War I, and generally considered the leader most responsible for the Allied victory. Therefore there are monuments of him in nearly all French towns, an avenue of his name in Paris and even a town in South Africa is named after him. Who?

 

47. The word ”atoll” stems from the language spoken in a country that is itself made of about 1200 coral islands and atolls. Which country or language?

 

48. The southernmost port of Europe was the first port to charge ships for the use of the docks. The name of the port has since become a term. Which?

 

49. When Austria was made part of the German Reich, he was 82. Many were scared for him, even president Roosevelt asked to be informed about his condition. Finally he was willing to leave Austria, but before he had to sign a document, stating that Gestapo had treated him well. He signed and added: “I can sincerely suggest Gestapo to everyone”. Who?

 

50. One character in the 1960 film “La Dolce Vita” has given its name to a journalistic term. Which?

 


Answers:

1. Haiti (Duvalier)

2. Women’s javelin

3. Gideons Bibles

4. Isaac Asimov

5. “Mary Poppins

6. Azerbaijan (Baku)

7. Easter Island

8. Sargasso Sea

9. Errol Flynn

10. Christina (of Sweden)

11. G-spot

12. Bahrein

13. Elvira Madigan

14. Transdniestr

15. Marc Girardelli

16. Condoleezza Rice

17. Benedict of Nursia

18. Anatole France

19. Cocaine

20. Draco

21. Lech Walesa (airports)

22. Lead (stannium)

23. Jimmy Carter

24. Jerusalem

25. Emil Kusturica

26. Carbon

27. Pyrrhus

28. Piccard

29. Suzanne Lenglen

30. Edward Teller

31. Archery

32. Juan Carlos I

33. Burda

34. Midas

35. Traffic signs

36. Joseph Conrad

37. Oscar Pereiro

38. Barcelona

39. Milan Kundera

40. Florin Raducioiu

41. Jamaica

42. Aymara

43. Denmark

44. Riccardo Patrese

45. Hercule Poirot

46. Ferdinand Foch

47. Maldives

48. Tariff (Tarifa)

49. Sigmund Freud

50. Paparazzo